"Crooked, Caterpillar." The monster who was appointed by Cronus to guard the Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires in Tartarus. She had the body of a woman and the tail of a serpent. Her head was wreathed in snakes and her body was covered with thousands of small vipers for feet. Her shoulders sprouted dark wings and above her head she lifted a scorpion's tail. Zeus slew her and freed the giants to aid him in his war against the Titans.1
- Aken, Dr. A.R.A. van. (1961). Elseviers Mythologische Encyclopedie. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
- Bartelink, Dr. G.J.M. (1988). Prisma van de mythologie. Utrecht: Het Spectrum.
- Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.