Kiwa, Kaukau, and Takaaho were appointed guardians of the ocean and dwell in the "house" Tahora-nui-atea, and ever guard the bounds of Hine-moana. He controls the ocean, which is known as Te Moana nui a Kiwa, the Great Ocean of Kiwa, though it is personified in Hine-moana, the Ocean Maid. Kiwa's first wife was Para-whenua-mea, but he later took to wife Hine-moana.
Kiwa was invoked by seafarers for protection.
- Best, Elsdon. (1924). The Maori. Wellington: Harry H. Tombs, pp. 97, 155, 237.