The spirit of one who when living was noted for powerful karakia. The term also refers to all that is out of the common or that would seem to possess unaccountable powers or virtues. This includes stones, trees, or even fish — provided always that the appearance of the thing in question is sufficiently curious. See Papakauri, Pururau, Ruawhango.



  • Gudgeon, W. E. (1906). "Tipua Kura... Spirit World." Journal of the Polynesian Society 15:27-58.
  • Shortland, Edward. (1882). Maori Religion and Mythology. London: Longmans Green, p. 108.

This article incorporates text from Maori Religion and Mythology (1882) by Edward Shortland, which is in the public domain.