It also the spirit of one who when living was noted for the powerful effect of his incantations (karakia).
- White, John. (1887). Ancient History of the Maori. 6 vols. Wellington: G. Didsbury, Government Printer, p. 1:48;
- ibid., p. 2:9.
- Tregear, Edward. (1891). Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. Wellington: Government Printer, p. 557.